The construction industry today is a highly evolved professional sector having in place several norms, regulations and guidelines for building practices. Green building practices form the cornerstone of most of the construction projects now days. Experts believe that green buildings are found to have greater sustainable efficiency if the points of sustainability being incorporated in a building are studied/analysed at the design stage itself. This will prove conclusive about the feasible features to be continued and green features to be discarded.
Building practices premise for adopting sustainable design is to help overcome environment issues, offer comfortable spaces for occupation and most importantly due both of these within a framework of sustainable design. The project design will help owners, designers to determine renewable energy resources, minimal waste production and a healthy environment.
Building projects adopting sustainable design will attempt to incorporate building practices along some of the following principles. The estimated sustainable design will be evaluated for features such as maximum optimization of site. Lowering energy consumption from non-renewable resources such as fossilized fuel components; if eco-friendly practices are adopted then those that offer most environment friendliness are estimated for efficiency and recommended for incorporation in final design.
Water usage is at the core of every sustainable design project and the effectiveness of any of the water management practices is evaluated and the most commendable process recommended for incorporation as a green practice.
The quality of the environment is of vital importance after sustained water management. The key is to find feasible energy resources, air conditioning systems, waste water management, central heating systems that are energy efficient and similar facilities management resources that will ensure the indoor environment quality is above recommended standards.
A proper estimation of the extent of operational and maintenance of these green practices is very vital for these practices to reach ‘critical mass’ or optimized efficiency factors.
The most critical function of a sustainable design practice is the decision making edge it provides owners and designers. Using sophisticated simulation and estimates, it is possible to arrive at the most cost-effective sustainable design for project implementation. This will ensure that there is zero-loss of time, resources and money on unsustainable projects.
Design estimation offers an integrated approach to sustained project development. It also influences all stages of a buildings life-cycle- from designing, construction, operational to decommissioning stages.
The increasing environment consciousness and availability of technologies that allow for easy implementation of sustainable practices need to be estimated in the context of the site being commissioned for construction. Geo-elements play a major role in the extent to which sustainability is successful. Dynamic factors need to be evaluated first before implementation.
Conventions such as maximum spread of building structures per square foot needs to be set aside and structures sufficient for sustained living should become the norm. This will not only lower the costs of the project but increase the life cycle of the building as well.